Alberto Giubilini is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow on the Oxford Martin Programme on Collective Responsibility for Infectious Disease. He has a PhD in Philosophy from the University of Milan, and prior to joining the Uehiro Centre he worked in Australia at Monash University, University of Melbourne and Charles Sturt University. He has published on different topics in bioethics and philosophy, including the ethics of vaccination, procreative choices, end of life decisions, organ donations, conscientious objection in healthcare, the concept of conscience, human enhancement, and the role of intuitions and of moral disgust in ethical arguments. He has published a book on The Ethics of Vaccination (Palgrave MacMillan 2019) and one in Italian on the ethics of end of life decisions (Morals in the Time of Bioethics, Le Lettere 2011), and he co-edited a book on The Ethics of Human Enhancement (Oxford University Press 2016) More information and a full CV can be found at his Academia webpage, here.
VACCINATION, RISKS, AND FREEDOM: THE SEAT BELT ANALOGY
GIUBILINI, A, SAVULESCU, J
Public Health Ethics
Nudging Immunity: The Case for Vaccinating Children in School and Day Care by Default.
Giubilini, A, Caviola, L, Maslen, H, Douglas, T, Nussberger, A-M, Faber, N, Vanderslott, S, Loving, S, Harrison, M, Savulescu, J
Many parents are hesitant about, or face motivational barriers to, vaccinating their children. In this paper, we propose a type of vaccination policy that could be implemented either in addition to coercive vaccination or as an alternative to it in order to increase paediatric vaccination uptake in a non-coercive way. We propose the use of vaccination nudges that exploit the very same decision biases that often undermine vaccination uptake. In particular, we propose a policy under which children would be vaccinated at school or day-care by default, without requiring parental authorization, but with parents retaining the right to opt their children out of vaccination. We show that such a policy is (1) likely to be effective, at least in cases in which non-vaccination is due to practical obstacles, rather than to strong beliefs about vaccines, (2) ethically acceptable and less controversial than some alternatives because it is not coercive and affects individual autonomy only in a morally unproblematic way, and (3) likely to receive support from the UK public, on the basis of original empirical research we have conducted on the lay public.
Anti-vaxxers, Nudging, School vaccination, Vaccination, Vaccination policies
Rethinking the ethical principles of genomic medicine services.
Johnson, SB, Slade, I, Giubilini, A, Graham, M
Eur J Hum Genet
Clinical genome and exome sequencing is currently used in only a small fraction of patients, yet large scale genomic initiatives are becoming more embedded in clinical services. This paper examines the ethical principles that should guide regulatory processes regarding consent and data sharing in this context. We argue that a genomic dataset administered by the health system carries substantial societal benefits, and that the collective nature of this initiative means that at least those patients who benefit from genome sequencing have an ethical obligation to share their health information. This obligation is grounded in considerations of fairness. Furthermore, we argue that the use of genomic data for the advancement of medical knowledge should be permitted without explicit consent and that international and other bodies should be granted access to these data, provided certain conditions are satisfied.
Antibiotic Resistance As A Tragedy Of The Commons: An Ethical Argument For A Tax On Antibiotic Use In Humans
Thus, for instance, in the US, where child vaccination is a condition for enrolling
children in day care or state schools, the ... Largent (2017) have argued,
burdensome exemption procedures are likely to be the most ethical vaccination
Challenging Human Enhancement
The ethics of human enhancement: understanding the debate
The Ethics of Human Enhancement
Clarke, S, Savulescu, J, Coady, CAJ, Giubilini, A, Sanyal, S