Dr Ryoko Ishikawa-Kodama is an associate professor at Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto, Japan since 2013. Besides serving as a director (associate dean) of Division of International Affairs, she has been teaching and conducting researches on normative political theory. Since she received her Ph.D. in political science at Waseda University in 2009, her main research interest has been the normative and practical aspects of multiculturalism, such as language rights and national self-determination in Canada and Japan. She currently works on two research projects. One project explores the role of secularism in light of feminism in forming biomedical policies, and the other examines the majority rights to defend its culture.